I was hitchhiking around Europe, North Africa and the Middle East, when I eventually came to Florence, Italy to meet up with my mother and family. I learned about Studio Simi, taught by Nerina Simi, who learned from her father, Filadelfo Simi. He in turn had studied with Gerome in Paris. There I learned the skills of close observation and processes for getting it down on paper and canvas.  Nerina Simi created a sanctuary for learning classical technique and had a big impact on the atelier system we have today; both John Angel and Douglas Graves were among her many students.

What I learned there has remained the bedrock of all I do, and is especially useful in my imaginary figures.

I subsequently had further study at Pratt Institute under Jake Berthot, the New York Studio School of Painting and Drawing, and the School of the Art Institute of Chicago.